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Turkey Midseason Valencia


A tree mutation discovered by Jim Saunt in a Valencia orchard in the Mersin region of Turkey during 1987. It was a single tree, approximately 6 years old, in a Valencia orchard bearing large, well coloured fruit of good flavour and low rag.


Commercial Release


An earlier maturing selection with good internal quality, good fruit size, low seed count, 3-4 and an attractive appearance. In Letsitele area fruit matures in early to mid-June. Its main distinguishing characteristic is its earliness, maturing up to 6 weeks earlier than other Valencia’s in the same area. Its growth pattern, fruit texture and soft rag all point to this being a type of midseason and not a true Valencia. However it has been accepted as such and planted on a fairly extensive scale in South Africa.


The tree is moderately vigorous and is more compact and erect shape than most Valencia selections. Fruit size is uniform, medium to medium large with smooth rind. Fruit shape is round to slightly elongated with a distinctive ring around the end of the fruit. The rind colour is uniform developing a deep orange at maturity. Turkey fruit are easy to peel and rind oil is high. Internal flesh colour is orange and flesh is very soft in comparison with most Valencia selections. Rind can become soft if over mature. Internal quality and flavour are very good. Maturity is early to mid-June in the Letsitele area. The majority of the fruit vary from 85 to 70 mm (count 56 to 88).


Suggested rootstocks are Swingle citrumelo and Carrizo/Troyer citrange, depending on the soil type and whether the plantings are on new or replant ground. C35 bears lighter crops and fruit can range from 72-40 as a result. Rootstocks inducing lower sugars and acid levels are not advised.
Evaluation Data
Evaluation Images Internal Quality
DateRegionSelectionCountJuice %BrixAcidRatioColour

Count Distribution
Yield of 50 to 60 tons per hectare are expected for mature orchards. Young trees bear well. In recent rootstock trials, C35 bore 45tons/Ha, Carrisso, 70 tons/Ha and Swingle up to 80 tons/Ha.
Turkey does not require crop manipulation. Rind breakdown can be a problem if fruit is allowed to hang past optimal maturity. Harvest packing and shipping requirements as well as post-harvest disorders should be as for other Valencia’s, but rind pitting in wet seasons can become a problem.